This stream addresses questions of 'order and change' in a globalizing world. A multidisciplinary approach is adopted in the first two years of the programme, which sets the base for higher-level understanding. It attempts to include issues related to 'development' across countries over a long period of time. At present, the programme is designed to include three thematic modules on i) Gender ii) Science, Technology and Development, and iii) Urbanization.
Introductory course to the English Studies.
This introductory course to the social sciences aims to acquaint the students with perspectives primarily from sociology and political science. The commonness in themes but differences in the perspectives will be highlighted through illustrations and exercises. The pedagogy will involve class room teaching, assignments, experiments and presentations.
Empires in Asia, Geographical expansion of the world through voyages and discoveries, Slave trade and gold rush, Renaissance and Reformation in Europe, Mercantilism, Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism.
This course introduces to the students the nature and function of the normative science logic and the basic principles of epistemology. It will familiarize them with the syllogistic structure of arguments and help them acquire the skills of developing arguments and identifying logical fallacies.
The structure of various forms of arguments – different kinds of fallacies in arguments – distinguishing valid forms of arguments from invalid forms – syllogistic structure of deductive arguments – modern mathematical and symbolic logic – various quantification rules and logical relations – basic principles of epistemology like knowledge, its nature, kinds, validity etc. – nature of truth and theories of truth.
The overall objective of this course is to acquire working knowledge of the German language, roughly corresponding to the A1 proficiency level of the European Common Language Framework.
Definite and indefinite articles – Adjectives – agreement with their nouns – Conjugation of verbs to have, to be affirmative, negative and interrogative foms – possessive adjectives. Contraction ‘of the’ ‘to the’ (Singular and Plural) – demonstrative adjectives – The three groups of verbs – present perfect tense with ‘tohave’ and ‘tob’ – The partitive article – Future tense – immediate future recent past – Reflexive verbs – Present perfect of reflexive verbs.
This course aims at an understanding of the philosophical basis of the cultural history of the western world. It will see how the western philosophical tradition has evolved and emphasise metaphysical and epistemological issues and later, issues which deal with conceptual problems related to language and linguistic understanding with an examination on certain central concepts like truth, objectivity, universality etc.
The philosophical attempts in understanding human nature, life and experience - the Socratic-Platonic approaches - Cartesian Meditations - birth of modernity - the empiricist reinterpretation of epistemology - Kant’s Copernican revolution - linguistic turn and postmodern challenges to concepts like reason and truth and the major responses to these challenges.
Industrial Revolution, American and European Revolutions, Colonialism, Nationalist movement in Asia and Africa, Cartels and imperialism, World War I & II.
This course will provide an introduction to the subject matter of economics which is highly relevant to understanding the functioning of the economy and the world around us. The course will consider basic economic principles that govern consumer and producers behavior. It will examine how markets work and how supply and demand interact to determine prices, characteristic and types of market, market failure and role of government in the economy, macro economic issues and measurement, inflation and unemployment, money banking and international trade and macro policies.
Types of Economies and Economic Institutions-Production Possibility Frontiers, opportunity costs and circular flow-Supply and Demand-Theory of the Firm, Market Structure and Market Failure-The Government in the Economy-Macro Economic Issues-Macro Policies, Money-International Trade and Finance.
The purpose of this lab is to introduce the basic concepts in computing, and communication technologies.
Computer architecture – Basics in operating systems – programming languages and utilities – application suits (WP, Data Base Tools, Spread Sheets and Presentation tools)
It was almost 200 years ago that Johann Wolfgang von Goethe used the term Weltliteratur or World Literature to describe what he perceived to be the future of literature, in contrast with so called national traditions, which he felt would and should gradually disappear from the firmament.
While we are yet to reach a universally acceptable definition and canon of World Literature, the process of global integration that began in the wake of the industrial revolution and colonial expansion helped literary works and traditions travel beyond linguistic and cultural boundaries creating a space for and opening peoples’ eyes and minds to the Other.
World Literature, as we understand it today, is an important marker of the diversity of human civilization. At the same time it underlines the fact that the linguistic articulation of the reflective/creative act – literature – is translatable, and hence can be shared by all of mankind. The main objective of a course in World Literature would be to bring participants to a real understanding of the oft repeated but scarcely understood Nehruvian idea “Unity in Diversity” at the global level and through the literary approach.
In the absence of a well defined canon, the contents of this course will have to be flexible: there will be a constant component provided by anthologies of and companions to World Literature published over the last 3 or 4 decades, and a variable component, which will enable the instructor handling the course to bring in writings from literary traditions that are ‘traditionally’ under-represented in anthologies – China, Japan and other Asian countries, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, for example. The variable component will depend on factors such as available resources and the instructor’s familiarity with a given text or literary tradition.
The overall objective of this course is to extend working knowledge of the German language, roughly corresponding to the A2 proficiency level of the European Common Language Framework.
The imperative mood – Comparision of adjectives – Gender of adjectives – Subject and direct object – Possessive pronouns – subject direct object – Conjugations of verbs – peculiarities of certain verbs – Imperfect tense – Adverbs – Relative pronouns, Demonstrative pronouns – interrogative adjectives and pronouns – Agreement of the participle – Grammatical analysis – Future perfect-past perfect-present participle, Conditional present.
Selections from the key writings of 6 major thinkers in the history of modern social and political thought. These are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, Smith, Marx and Weber. In addition, the course will also consider very briefly the ideas of Spinoza, Locke, and Rousseau.
The central themes that run through the course are liberty, virtue, state, civil society, empiricism, impressions and ideas, value, justice, and bureaucracy.
1. Social Structure: Family and Kinship; Caste; Class; Religion; State
2. Social Inequality: Economic; Culture; Regional; Gender; Ecological
3. Social Change : Social Movements; Government Policies; Development Indicators; Modernisation and Globalisation
4. Social Problems : Deviance and Crime; Population and Poverty; Unemployment and Skill Requirement; Social Exclusion and Affirmative Action.
This course seeks to provide an elementary introduction to India’s economic and social development since independence. The topics to be covered are listed below:
1. Impact of British Colonial rule on Indian development
2. The structure of Indian Economy at independence
3. Economic growth and development performance since independence : A macro overview
4. Sectoral performance: Agriculture, Industry, Social sectors, Demography
5. Development strategies; Role of state, market and planning.
6. Indian Economy: Issues of importance
The course will examine the following issues, from a theoretical perspective and will use case studies, to discuss and debate environmental implications of development. The issues will include, relations between society and the environment, the evolution of environmental thinking, evaluation of environmental problems, especially those relating to development, environmental decision making - principal and theories and the socio-political and economic structures that determine the exploitation of natural resources. The theoretical perspectives will draw on traditions and disciplines related to political ecology, ecological anthropology, environmental sociology, environmental history, and environmental economics. The case-studies would focus on particular environmental issues and a range of actions and responses to these environmental issues - for example, anthropogenic global change; common property resource management; approaches to pollution management; conservation and biodiversity; agriculture and deforestation; population and environment; climate change and development; ecological footprint analysis; and fundamental differences in the environmental movements in the North and the South. The discourse on sustainability will be an integral part of the discussions in most case-studies. It is intended that students develop a sound understanding of and an interdisciplinary perspective on the relationship between environment and society.
This course will focus on modern Indian literature and highlight the role of literature in reflecting the social context and the shaping of a young nation.
Readings from texts translation from Indian languages – Indian Writing in English – study of different genres such as prose, poetry, fiction and drama.
India’s Philosophical and intellectual traditions, Value of Indian approaches to reality in general and problems of life in particular. The conceptual continuity between the various traditional philosophical issues and the philosophical riddles that encounter in modern life.
The concept – Patriarchal binary thought and the cultural construction of gender – Precursors: Mary Wollstonecraft, J.S. Mill, Virginia Woolf - Pioneers: Betty Friedan, Simone de Beauvoir – French feminists: Cixous, Irigaray, Kristeva – Women and the canon formation - Feminist critique of intellectual traditions – Feminist methodology – Third World feminisms - Class consciousness in feminist thought - Household, family and mothering - Body and sexuality - Race, ethnicity and gender – Women and nation building – Gender, science and technology – Globalization – Men in feminism- Ecofeminism
The course will acquaint students with the theory and practice of using natural languages for persuasion and communication.
Figures of Speech and Communicative Act-Language of persuasion: Promise-Intimidation, Testimonial, Statistics, Half-truths & Lies-Speech Act: Theories of Bhartihari, Searle and Austin-Language as a Social Act-Communicative Competence-Systemic Functional Approach to Speech-Communication in Context-Communication and the Mass Media, Art of Public Speaking-Natural language and theory of communication
This course will survey the basic structure and operative dimensions of Indian Constitution. It will explore various aspects ot the Indian political and legal system from a historical perspective highlighting the various events that led to the making of the Indian Constitution. It will also socio-political equations. The various challenges faced by the constitution and the corresponding coping mechanisms would also be discussed. Broadly, the students would be exposed to the working of various institutions, offices and political debates ensuing from the operation of the Indian constitution in the last five decades.
Historical Background – Principles of the Constitution – Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles – Centre-State Relations – Division of Power: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary; Institutions: President, Governors, Statutory bodies – Amendments to the Constitution.
1. Theories of Urbanism,Introduction, What is Urbanism,Urban theories such as by George Simmel, The Chicago School, Louis Wirth, Castells and new sociology, Henri Lefebvre, Richard Sennet, New urbanism.
2 . Trends in urban development: The developed and the developing world Emergence and Nature of cities, Features of Modern Urbanisation
3. Urban- Rural Divide Linkages- Migration, New forms of occupation (Informal Sector) & Problems Infrastructure and Livelihoods/migration/informal sector/Economics
4. Cities as agents of Political, Economic and Social Change
Human rights: historical perspective; normative framework of international human rights; philosophical foundations; institutionalization of human rights in political thought. Comparative human rights; sociological aspects; Western and non-western societies; relativism; democracy and human rights; human rights in the postmodern world; human rights and contemporary issues; environmental issues; globalization; war, terrorism and refugees; justice; dharma and social order; role of Government, international agencies and NGOs.
Matrix Algebra and Linear Economic Models: Matrix Algebra-Simultaneous Linear Equations-Linear Economic Models-Quadratic Forms and Positive Definite Matrices.
Functions od Single and Many Variables and Optimization: Functions of Single and many Variables Optimization- Comparative Static Analysis in Optimization Problems.
Dynamic Analysis: Integration- Continuous Time: Differential Equations-Discrete Time: Difference Equations-Dynamic Optimization.
Introduction- Measurement of Macroeconomic Variables - Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply – The Income-Expenditure Model - The Fixed-Price AD-AS Model - The Output Multiplier - The Monetarist Counterrevolution - Output, Inflation and Unemployment: Alternative Views - Real Business Cycles and New Keynesian Economics - Exchange Rates and the International Monetary System- Monetary and Fiscal Policy in the Open Economy - The Money Supply and the Banking System - Monetary Policy - Fiscal Stabilization Policy - Supply-Side Economics - Consumption and Investment.
This course attempts to discuss the varied definition of Globalization, issues relating to globalization and its impact on different dimension in society. The role of different agencies involved in the process of globalization will also be addressed.
Nature and dynamics of globalization – Definition, Modernisation and Globalization – Global - Local Dichotomy-Agencies of globalization – Communication Technologies, Media, Market (Nation, State and NGO’s)-Globalization Trade & Economy - Multinational Corporation
International Agencies & Finance-Globalization and Culture – Cultural homogenization, hegemony and dominance-Diasporic Communities, ethnic consciousness, transnational ethnic and religious movements, Global Tourism-Globalization and Language-Consequences of Globalization-Discontents and Differential -Perception.
1. The State of Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies
2. Analysing conflict
3. Strategies for resolving conflict such as negotiation, facilitation, mediation.
4. Conflict prevention
5. Meaning and approaches to conflict recovery and peace building
6. Reconciliation after conflict
7. Post-conflict agreements and their implementation
8. Rebuilding the state and its institutions,
9. Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration
10. Security sector reforms with a human security focus,
11. Transitional justice
12. Corruption and post-conflict reconstruction,
13. Case studies of Sri Lanka, Northern Ireland, Sierra Leone, Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nepal
The theory of the consumer Behavior: Indifference curve analysis; Revealed Preference Approach
The theory of the producer: production and cost function; Profit maximization
Market structures: partial equilibrium: Product Markets- Price and Output Determination, Perfect and Imperfect Competition, Monopoly, Price
Discrimination, Market Structure, Efficiency and Regulation
Factor market- Factor pricing, Euler's Theorem,
General equilibrium and Welfare: General Equilibrium of Production and Exchange; Externalities; Information. Asymmetric information. Adverse selection. Moral hazard; Pareto Optimality; Social Welfare Function.
Simple linear regression model and conditional mean functions - Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) and its Confidence Interval - Interpretation of coefficient under common transformations - Dummy (Indicator) Variables and interactions - Heteroskedasticity - Multicollinearity - Autocorrelation - Multiple Regression Analysis with Qualitative Information - Specification and Data Problems - Introduction to Time Series Analysis
1. Built Environment versus Natural Environment
Introduction, Nature of culture and Society. What is Culture and the Built Environment
2.Trends in the Built Environment;
Design, material and space- traditional architecture to modern architecture.
3.New movements in the built environment
Conservation and re-adaptation
Revival of water bodies, Riverfronts
Specific target groups and built environment
4.Policies that govern built environment –
Public housing, social security schemes- both developed and developing countries. Privatization?
Development studies and masculinist paradigms - Gender perspectives: HDI, GDI, Health, Education, Economy – Politics of representation – Family, identity and inheritance - The shift in gender issues in development: WID, WAD, GAD, WCD – Social exclusion and empowerment - Women, democracy and participation – Third World gender perspectives - Gender and environment – Science and technology – Gender, globalization and neocolonialism - Resistance to development - Gender and postmodern development – Post-development criticism – Alternative visions.
Theories of the state: Miliband-Poulantzas debate, the regulatory state, the capitalist state, the developmental state. State planning The role of institutions and institutional change in development. Reform and political change in the context of new international political economy and resource wars.
Case studies will include the rise and collapse of East Asian tigers in the 20th century, the Japanese post-war economic miracle, India and China’s economic development, the Soviet Union and its aftermath, 20th century mercantilism in Africa and West Asia in the context of natural resource exploitation; the roles of the state in development of Brazil and Argentina in the early 20th century; the political economy of oil in the Middle East in the early to mid-20th century, resource wars in Africa in the late 20th, early 21st century.
The objective of this course is to understand basic concepts in international trade and finance and use them to analyze impact of recent global developments on emerging market economies and the developing economies.
Introduction to Globalization – Trade flows and financial flows. Is Globalization a new phenomenon? WTO as an agent on globalization – Trade theories: Comparative advantage, Hecksher-Ohlin theory, Economies of scale explanation of trade – Instruments of trade and trade policy, political economy aspects and developing country experience – National income accounting for an open economy, balance of payments and exchange rates, Asset market approach to exchange rate determination – covered and uncovered parities, fisher effect and overshooting – Fixed versus flexible exchange rate regimes, international monetary system – Optimum currency areas, Global capital market and currency crisis model sand case studies.
The Course will consist of readings on the importance and role of an interdisciplinary approach, the expanded notion of culture and the textualization of society, Marxism and the formation of Cultural ideology, the rise of the Frankfurt and Birmingham schools of Cultural Studies, Postmodernism and post structuralism, reading the practices of everyday life, power and knowledge, post-humanities , body and corporeality, fashion, sports, medicine and technology.
Concept of Global Public Goods and Public Policies, Understanding technological progress, Technology and economic development: historical perspectives, Concept of sustainable development: Origins, rationality and legitimation, Ecosystems and social systems: Illustrations of unsustainable and sustainable human-ecosystems interactions, Management of natural resources (renewable and non-renewable), Concept and applications of “precautionary principles”, Sustainable development – inter-temporal ethics , Sustainable development and traditional knowledge, Role of International institutions in sustainable development, Sustainable development and civil societies, Sustainable Development Index: a critical appraisal.
This course aims providing an insight to the basic principles of morality by analyzing them both historically and conceptually, though the stress will be more on the conceptual aspects. It aims at understanding the fundamental assumptions lying behind the ethical issues we encounter in life from the perspectives of both Indian and western philosophical traditions.
Foundations of ethics in the pre-philosophical history of “Good” - ethics of the Greeks - basic assumptions of western moral philosophy - Indian notion of Purusharthas – the centrality of dharma - fundamentals of Indian ethics - the question of moral authority - the psychology of moral action - the sociological aspects - historical survey of the various philosophical traditions that addressed the moral problematic.
Money and the Financial System: Money and payment systems, theoretical and empirical definition of money, introduction to financial instruments, financial markets and institutions-Demand for money: Theories and empirical evidences, Supply of money and Money multiplier-Central banks, monetary policy and financial stability: Structure of central banks in today’s world, central bank’s balance sheet and money supply process, interest rates versus monetary aggregates as instruments of monetary policy-Evolution of Indian monetary policy and policies in the globalized era-Bonds, Bond prices and determination of Interest rates; Risk and term structure of interest rates; stocks, stock markets and efficiency, Derivatives(Futures, options and swaps).
HS 4330 Environmental and Resources Economics
HS 4570 Gandhian Thought
HS 5070 Sciences and Society
HS 7120 Statistical System for Indian Economy