Introductory course to the English Studies.
This introductory course to the social sciences aims to acquaint the students with perspectives primarily from sociology and political science. The commonness in themes but differences in the perspectives will be highlighted through illustrations and exercises. The pedagogy will involve class room teaching, assignments, experiments and presentations.
Empires in Asia, Geographical expansion of the world through voyages and discoveries, Slave trade and gold rush, Renaissance and Reformation in Europe, Mercantilism, Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism.
This course introduces to the students the nature and function of the normative science logic and the basic principles of epistemology. It will familiarize them with the syllogistic structure of arguments and help them acquire the skills of developing arguments and identifying logical fallacies.
The structure of various forms of arguments – different kinds of fallacies in arguments – distinguishing valid forms of arguments from invalid forms – syllogistic structure of deductive arguments – modern mathematical and symbolic logic – various quantification rules and logical relations – basic principles of epistemology like knowledge, its nature, kinds, validity etc. – nature of truth and theories of truth.
The overall objective of this course is to acquire working knowledge of the German language, roughly corresponding to the A1 proficiency level of the European Common Language Framework.
Definite and indefinite articles – Adjectives – agreement with their nouns – Conjugation of verbs to have, to be affirmative, negative and interrogative foms – possessive adjectives. Contraction ‘of the’ ‘to the’ (Singular and Plural) – demonstrative adjectives – The three groups of verbs – present perfect tense with ‘tohave’ and ‘tob’ – The partitive article – Future tense – immediate future recent past – Reflexive verbs – Present perfect of reflexive verbs.
This course aims at an understanding of the philosophical basis of the cultural history of the western world. It will see how the western philosophical tradition has evolved and emphasise metaphysical and epistemological issues and later, issues which deal with conceptual problems related to language and linguistic understanding with an examination on certain central concepts like truth, objectivity, universality etc.
The philosophical attempts in understanding human nature, life and experience - the Socratic-Platonic approaches - Cartesian Meditations - birth of modernity - the empiricist reinterpretation of epistemology - Kant’s Copernican revolution - linguistic turn and postmodern challenges to concepts like reason and truth and the major responses to these challenges.
Industrial Revolution, American and European Revolutions, Colonialism, Nationalist movement in Asia and Africa, Cartels and imperialism, World War I & II.
This course will provide an introduction to the subject matter of economics which is highly relevant to understanding the functioning of the economy and the world around us. The course will consider basic economic principles that govern consumer and producers behavior. It will examine how markets work and how supply and demand interact to determine prices, characteristic and types of market, market failure and role of government in the economy, macro economic issues and measurement, inflation and unemployment, money banking and international trade and macro policies.
Types of Economies and Economic Institutions-Production Possibility Frontiers, opportunity costs and circular flow-Supply and Demand-Theory of the Firm, Market Structure and Market Failure-The Government in the Economy-Macro Economic Issues-Macro Policies, Money-International Trade and Finance.
The purpose of this lab is to introduce the basic concepts in computing, and communication technologies.
Computer architecture – Basics in operating systems – programming languages and utilities – application suits (WP, Data Base Tools, Spread Sheets and Presentation tools)
It was almost 200 years ago that Johann Wolfgang von Goethe used the term Weltliteratur or World Literature to describe what he perceived to be the future of literature, in contrast with so called national traditions, which he felt would and should gradually disappear from the firmament.
While we are yet to reach a universally acceptable definition and canon of World Literature, the process of global integration that began in the wake of the industrial revolution and colonial expansion helped literary works and traditions travel beyond linguistic and cultural boundaries creating a space for and opening peoples’ eyes and minds to the Other.
World Literature, as we understand it today, is an important marker of the diversity of human civilization. At the same time it underlines the fact that the linguistic articulation of the reflective/creative act – literature – is translatable, and hence can be shared by all of mankind. The main objective of a course in World Literature would be to bring participants to a real understanding of the oft repeated but scarcely understood Nehruvian idea “Unity in Diversity” at the global level and through the literary approach.
In the absence of a well defined canon, the contents of this course will have to be flexible: there will be a constant component provided by anthologies of and companions to World Literature published over the last 3 or 4 decades, and a variable component, which will enable the instructor handling the course to bring in writings from literary traditions that are ‘traditionally’ under-represented in anthologies – China, Japan and other Asian countries, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, for example. The variable component will depend on factors such as available resources and the instructor’s familiarity with a given text or literary tradition.
The overall objective of this course is to extend working knowledge of the German language, roughly corresponding to the A2 proficiency level of the European Common Language Framework.
The imperative mood – Comparision of adjectives – Gender of adjectives – Subject and direct object – Possessive pronouns – subject direct object – Conjugations of verbs – peculiarities of certain verbs – Imperfect tense – Adverbs – Relative pronouns, Demonstrative pronouns – interrogative adjectives and pronouns – Agreement of the participle – Grammatical analysis – Future perfect-past perfect-present participle, Conditional present.
Selections from the key writings of 6 major thinkers in the history of modern social and political thought. These are Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, Smith, Marx and Weber. In addition, the course will also consider very briefly the ideas of Spinoza, Locke, and Rousseau.
The central themes that run through the course are liberty, virtue, state, civil society, empiricism, impressions and ideas, value, justice, and bureaucracy.
1. Social Structure: Family and Kinship; Caste; Class; Religion; State
2. Social Inequality: Economic; Culture; Regional; Gender; Ecological
3. Social Change : Social Movements; Government Policies; Development Indicators; Modernisation and Globalisation
4. Social Problems : Deviance and Crime; Population and Poverty; Unemployment and Skill Requirement; Social Exclusion and Affirmative Action.
This course seeks to provide an elementary introduction to India’s economic and social development since independence. The topics to be covered are listed below:
1. Impact of British Colonial rule on Indian development
2. The structure of Indian Economy at independence
3. Economic growth and development performance since independence : A macro overview
4. Sectoral performance: Agriculture, Industry, Social sectors, Demography
5. Development strategies; Role of state, market and planning.
6. Indian Economy: Issues of importance
The course will examine the following issues, from a theoretical perspective and will use case studies, to discuss and debate environmental implications of development. The issues will include, relations between society and the environment, the evolution of environmental thinking, evaluation of environmental problems, especially those relating to development, environmental decision making - principal and theories and the socio-political and economic structures that determine the exploitation of natural resources. The theoretical perspectives will draw on traditions and disciplines related to political ecology, ecological anthropology, environmental sociology, environmental history, and environmental economics. The case-studies would focus on particular environmental issues and a range of actions and responses to these environmental issues - for example, anthropogenic global change; common property resource management; approaches to pollution management; conservation and biodiversity; agriculture and deforestation; population and environment; climate change and development; ecological footprint analysis; and fundamental differences in the environmental movements in the North and the South. The discourse on sustainability will be an integral part of the discussions in most case-studies. It is intended that students develop a sound understanding of and an interdisciplinary perspective on the relationship between environment and society.
This course will focus on modern Indian literature and highlight the role of literature in reflecting the social context and the shaping of a young nation.
Readings from texts translation from Indian languages – Indian Writing in English – study of different genres such as prose, poetry, fiction and drama.
India’s Philosophical and intellectual traditions, Value of Indian approaches to reality in general and problems of life in particular. The conceptual continuity between the various traditional philosophical issues and the philosophical riddles that encounter in modern life.
The concept – Patriarchal binary thought and the cultural construction of gender – Precursors: Mary Wollstonecraft, J.S. Mill, Virginia Woolf - Pioneers: Betty Friedan, Simone de Beauvoir – French feminists: Cixous, Irigaray, Kristeva – Women and the canon formation - Feminist critique of intellectual traditions – Feminist methodology – Third World feminisms - Class consciousness in feminist thought - Household, family and mothering - Body and sexuality - Race, ethnicity and gender – Women and nation building – Gender, science and technology – Globalization – Men in feminism- Ecofeminism
The course will acquaint students with the theory and practice of using natural languages for persuasion and communication.
Figures of Speech and Communicative Act-Language of persuasion: Promise-Intimidation, Testimonial, Statistics, Half-truths & Lies-Speech Act: Theories of Bhartihari, Searle and Austin-Language as a Social Act-Communicative Competence-Systemic Functional Approach to Speech-Communication in Context-Communication and the Mass Media, Art of Public Speaking-Natural language and theory of communication
This course will survey the basic structure and operative dimensions of Indian Constitution. It will explore various aspects ot the Indian political and legal system from a historical perspective highlighting the various events that led to the making of the Indian Constitution. It will also socio-political equations. The various challenges faced by the constitution and the corresponding coping mechanisms would also be discussed. Broadly, the students would be exposed to the working of various institutions, offices and political debates ensuing from the operation of the Indian constitution in the last five decades.
Historical Background – Principles of the Constitution – Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles – Centre-State Relations – Division of Power: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary; Institutions: President, Governors, Statutory bodies – Amendments to the Constitution.
This course will map the history of the English novel, its internal history and formal innovations, the socio-political developments that have influenced its growth, the rise of realism as a literary mode of choice. Readings will comprise of representative texts by and critical material on novelists such as John Bunyan, Henry Fielding, Samuel Richardson, Laurence Sterne, Daniel Defoe, Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Jonathan Swift, William Makepeace Thackeray, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy and others..
1. What is a language?
2. Languages in contact
3. Language families and language development
4. Linguistic change
5. Role of socio-historical factors in language development
6. Old, Middle and Early Modern English
7. Word formation in English
8. English in the scientific age
9. English today and tomorrow
10. World Englishes
11. History of English Literature from Chaucer to the present.
This course will include a study of texts in literary criticism and contemporary literary theory which are indicative of critical trends and movements in literary studies. This course will focus on the history of critical ideas with special emphasis on the critical perspective of writers and theoreticians.
Writings by Aristotle, Plato, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Saussure, Barthes, Derrida and Spivak.
This course is aimed at introducing students to some of the major literary texts which are foundational to the English literary landscape. The course will enable students to place these texts in their appropriate historical and linguistic contexts.
Selections from Geoffrey Chaucer, Jon Milton and the Bible – Critical appreciation of their literary content – Emphasis on the social, intellectual, and historical contexts of the literature – features of language and differences from contemporary English and their relevance.
The course aims to explore and explain Shakespeare’s texts with sensitivity and to make students aware of the way that the stage and the physical action on it contribute to an understanding of the plays.
Modern theoretical approaches to Shakespeare – Shakespeare’s use of dramatic structure and convention – Shakespeare’s exploration of the great themes of human experience: power, justice, love, death – His language and style
Readings will comprise of novels as well as short fiction by writers such as Joseph Conrad, D.H Lawrence, John Fowles, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, John Barth, Doris Lessing, David Lodge, Ian McEwan, Zadie Smith, Alice Munro and others. Critical scholarship on these writers as well as theories of fiction and narrative will also be studied.
This optional advanced course aims to introduce the student to the latest field in English studies, namely, the Indian Fiction in English which is but a faithful reflection of the subtle and significant changes that have taken place in Indian society as recorded by some of the gifted men and women of India. The student will be trained through a series of discussions and assignments to appreciate the interconnected nature of scientific progress and cultural change and the creative literature of the land. The course also develops the student’s skills of group discussion and argumentation on the basis of the selected readings in Indian Fiction en English.
This course attempts to discuss the varied definition of Globalization, issues relating to globalization and its impact on different dimension in society. The role of different agencies involved in the process of globalization will also be addressed.
Nature and dynamics of globalization – Definition, Modernisation and Globalization – Global - Local Dichotomy-Agencies of globalization – Communication Technologies, Media, Market (Nation, State and NGO’s)-Globalization Trade & Economy - Multinational Corporation.
International Agencies & Finance-Globalization and Culture – Cultural homogenization, hegemony and dominance-Diasporic Communities, ethnic consciousness, transnational ethnic and religious movements, Global Tourism-Globalization and Language-Consequences of Globalization-Discontents and Differential - Perception.
This course will expose students to classics from the genre of poetry.
The work of poets across the ages (with a special focus on British poetry) will be studied. Students will be guided to undertake a close study of various poetic forms such as the sonnet, the epic, the ballad, the prose poem and so on. Rhyme, rhythm, metre and their place in poetry will also be discussed.
The course will seek to acquaint students with the classics of medieval and modern drama .Students will be guided to develop an understanding of texts as well as theatre as a space of performance.
The course will include the classics of British and American drama (with the exception of Shakespeare whose plays are being offered as part of a separate course). Students will be exposed to the work of playwrights such as Dryden, Shaw, Congreve, O’Neill and Williams. The course will also involve the following workshops:
A workshop conducted by as contemporary dramatist.
Production and staging of one play at the end of the course.
The course aims to expose students to current trends in literary theory. Debates on the nature of meaning and ideology and the relationship between literature, culture and politics will be explored. Students will be guided to “read” texts in ways that connect with the critical approaches or the framework they choose. They will also be encouraged to explore different approaches to interpretation in order that they may choose the approach most suitable to their object(s) of study.
A range of theoretical approaches to literature and culture, including Marxism, Feminism, Structuralism and post-structuralism.
The course will comprise of a detailed study of the organs of articulation, the distinctive feature matrix, the phonemes and syllables of English, word stress, rhythm and the metrical structure of the English word.
This course will provide an overview of American literature as distinct from British literature through readings of major American writers in prose, poetry, fiction and drama.
The course will emphasize the distinctive American voice by studying the works not only in the context of region, religion, ethnicity, and gender, but also against the backdrop of American history, society and thought. The course material will trace out traditions and trends in American Literature.
1. Brain, Mind and Knowledge of Language
2. Indian Approaches to the study of languages
3. Generative Phonology
4. Generative Morphology
5. Syntax and minimalist Theory
6. Semantics, Pragmatics and Discourse
7. Semiotics and Sociolinguistic Theory – Concept of Speech act
8. Transformative Generative Grammar
The Course will consist of readings on the importance and role of an interdisciplinary approach, the expanded notion of culture and the textualization of society, Marxism and the formation of Cultural ideology, the rise of the Frankfurt and Birmingham schools of Cultural Studies, Postmodernism and post structuralism, reading the practices of everyday life, power and knowledge, post-humanities , body and corporeality, fashion, sports, medicine and technology.
This course aims providing an insight to the basic principles of morality by analyzing them both historically and conceptually, though the stress will be more on the conceptual aspects. It aims at understanding the fundamental assumptions lying behind the ethical issues we encounter in life from the perspectives of both Indian and western philosophical traditions.
Foundations of ethics in the pre-philosophical history of “Good” - ethics of the Greeks - basic assumptions of western moral philosophy - Indian notion of Purusharthas – the centrality of dharma - fundamentals of Indian ethics - the question of moral authority - the psychology of moral action - the sociological aspects - historical survey of the various philosophical traditions that addressed the moral problematic.
This course will provide an introduction to Feminism as a movement and scrutinize its application in literature from early to modern times. It will take the student through readings of seminal writings by prominent feminists and provide an opportunity for readings of feminist texts : prose, poetry, fiction, drama which highlight feminist concerns. The course content will emphasize not only western feminism but include readings relevant to the Indian context.
This course aims to expose students to those literatures which stand outside the British and American literary canon but which are connected by a shared historical experience of colonization. While readings contain selections from single countries or regions, the course offers scope for wide-ranging and comparative views in the literatures and cultures of the English speaking regions of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. This course will also introduce students to the ongoing dialogues between postcolonial literatures and theory and attempt to re-examine the history and legacy of colonialism.
Students will be exposed to a selection of readings from postcolonial literature following the dissolution of colonial rule during the latter half of the twentieth century. These texts address issues of imperialism and its aftermath, such as nation building, race relations, diaspora, emigration, exile and the formation of new cultural identities.